Thank you for your response and feedback. I am glad you enjoyed it. This article is based on research I am doing for a new book on the history of secular ideas titled Dangerous Ideas. A partial bibliography of my sources, as requested:

Beckwith, C. I. (2015). Greek Buddha: Pyrrho’s encounter with early Buddhism in Central Asia. Princeton University Press.

Bennett, J. (1984). A Study of Spinoza’s ethics. Hackett Publishing.

Cicero. (1896). De Natura Deorum (On the Nature of the Gods) (F. Brooks Trans.). Methuen & Co.

Curley, E. (2015). Resurrecting Leo Strauss. In W. Schröder (Ed.), Reading between the lines - Leo Strauss and the history of early modern philosophy (pp. 129-170). [Proquest version]. Retrieved from

Curley E. (2020). Spinoza’s Contribution to Biblical Scholarship. In D. Garrett (Ed.), The Cambridge companion to Spinoza (2nd ed.). Manuscript submitted for publication.

Eusebius of Caesarea. (1903). Praeparatio evangelica. (E. H. Gifford Trans.). The Tertullian Project. Retrieved from

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Freud, S. (2008). The Future of an illusion. (J. A. Underwood and S. Whiteside Trans.). Penguin Books.

Goldstein, R. (2018). Every claim for reason ever made: Ethics, Benedictus Spinoza. Social Research: An International Quarterly, 85(3), 585-595.

Hongladarom, S. (2015). Spinoza & Buddhism on the self. The Oxford Philosopher. Retrieved from

Hyman, A. (1963). Spinoza’s dogmas of universal faith in the light of their medieval Jewish background. In A. Altmann (Ed.), Biblical and other studies (pp. 183-195). Retrieved from

Israel, J. (2011). Democratic enlightenment: Philosophy, revolution, and human rights 1750-1790. [Proquest version]. Retrieved from

Israel, J. (2015). Leo Strauss and the radical Enlightenment. In W. Schröder (Ed.), Reading between the lines - Leo Strauss and the history of early modern philosophy (pp. 9-28). [Proquest version]. Retrieved from

Jaspers, K. (2015). Way to wisdom: An introduction to philosophy. Yale University Press.

Lactantius. On the anger of God. New Advent. Retrieved from

Maimonides. (1904). The Guide for the perplexed (2nd ed.). (M. Friedländer Trans.). Internet Archive. Retrieved from

McEvilley, T. C. (2002). The Shape of ancient thought: Comparative studies in Greek and Indian philosophies. Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Cf. Reale, G. (1985). A History of ancient philosophy III: Systems of the Hellenistic age. (J. Catan Trans.) SUNY Press.

Nadler, S. (2011). A book forged in hell: Spinoza's scandalous treatise and the birth of the secular age. [Kindle Reader version]. Princeton University Press.

Nadler, S. (1999). Spinoza: A life. Cambridge University Press.

Nadler, S. (2006). Spinoza’s Ethics: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.

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Russell, B. (1945). A History of western philosophy. Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Schopenhauer, A. (1909). The World as will and idea (Vol. 2). (R. B. Haldane and J. Kemp Trans.). Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Sedley, D. (2013). From the pre-Socratics to the Hellenistic age. In S. Bullivant and M. Ruse (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of atheism (pp. 139-151). Oxford University Press.

Sextus Empiricus. (1996). The Skeptic way: Sextus Empiricus’s Outlines of Pyrrhonism. (B. Mates Trans.) Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Spinoza, B. (1677). Ethics. Infomotions. Retrieved from

Spinoza, B. (1910). Short treatise on God, man, and his well-being. (A. Wolf Trans. & Ed.). Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Spinoza, B. (2016). The Collected works of Spinoza (Vol. 2). (E. Curley Trans. & Ed.). Princeton University Press.

Steinberg, J. (2019). Spinoza’s political philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Summer 2019 Edition. Retrieved from

Teresi, D. (2002). Lost Discoveries: The Ancient roots of modern science - from the Babylonians to the Maya. Simon and Schuster.

Vardoulakis, D. (2020a). Hobbes or Spinoza? Two Epicurean Versions of the Social Contract. InCircolo, 9, 186-210.

Vardoulakis, D. (2020b). Spinoza, the Epicurean: Authority and utility in materialism. Edinburgh University Press.

Whitmarsh, T. (2015). Battling the gods: Atheism in the ancient world. [EBSCO version]. Retrieved from

Wolfson, H. A. (1934). The Philosophy of Spinoza: Unfolding the latent processes of his reasoning (Vol. 2). Internet Archive. Retrieved from

Ziporyn, B. (2012). Spinoza and the self-overcoming of solipsism. Comparative and Continental Philosophy, 4(1), 125-140.

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Internet Classics Archive.

Epicurus - Letter to Menoeceus

Perseus Digital Library.

Diogenes Laertius - Lives of Eminent Philosophers

Wikisource. Letter to Herodotus. Retrieved August 18, 2020 from

Jason (Diogenes of Mayberry) covers the backstory of Judeo-Christian doctrines to refute evangelical literalism related to socio-political action.

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